Legal Framework

Universal System:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 5

UN Convention Against Torture and Optional Protocol

International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, article 7

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

UN Declaration on Torture

Regional Systems:

American Convention on Human Rights “Pact of San Jose”, article 5

Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture

European Convention on Human Rights, article 3

European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, article 5

United Nations Protocols and Guidelines Related to Anti-Torture Work:

Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Protocol)

Istanbul Statement on the Use and Effects of Solitary Confinement

Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners

United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners (Bangkok Rules)

United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules)

WHO Protocol on Forensic Examination of cases of violence against women (rape)

Operational Guideline for National Human Rights Institutions for the Prevention of Torture

General Comments by the Committee against Torture:

General Comment No. 1 (refoulement and communications; implementation of article 3 in the context of article 22)

General Comment No. 2 (implementation of article 2)

General Comment No. 3 (implementation of article 14)